Electric Circuits : Quizlet


Fuente original de los quizlet :

https://quizlet.com/380131021/circuitos-electricos-flash-cards/

https://quizlet.com/393800749/electric-circuits-flash-cards/

Electric Circuits II

Electric circuits: elements and representation

An electric circuit is a route around which electrons circulate.

It consists of a generator, a cable, a switch and a receiver.

Electric current is the flow of electrons around a circuit

We need a generator in to maintain a current.

There are three types of materials.Conductors,Insulators,semiconductors:


Conductors

Conductors allow electric current to pass through them. All metals are conductors

Insulators

Insulators don’t allow an electric current to pass through them wood glass, plastic and the air are insulators

Semiconductors

Semiconductors have properties which are intermediate in magnitude between conductors and insulators. The most important examples are silicon and germanium.

The electric resistance of the material is the measure of the degree to which the material opposes an electric current flowing through it

Metals have hardly any electrical resistance whereas insulators have a very high level of resistance

Its value depends on the material used and its form.

Resistance increases with the length of the cable and decreases with its thickness

 


Elements of a circuit

The generator provides the necessary energy for electrons to circulate

The control elements direct and interrupt electric current

The receivers transform electric energy into usable energy

The protection elements protect circuits and people against potential problems

 

Crocodile Technology: introducción

El Crocodile Tecnology es el programa que usaremos para simular los circuitos eléctricos.

Es un potente simulador de sistemas y circuitos de control con el se pueden diseñar y probar circuitos eléctricos, electrónicos, mecánicos…

En crocodile vas a encontrar un menú con los elementos de los que dispones para trabajar.

Las imágenes para los circuitos

Los símbolos de la parte mecánica

Los símbolos de la parte electrónica

Un ejemplo de la parte mecánica

Un ejemplo de la parte eléctrica (con imágenes)

Ejemplo de la parte eléctrica (con símbolos)

 

El crocodile puede instalarse en los equipos o usarse el crocodile portable: este es nuestro caso porque no tenemos permisos de instalación.

 

Aquí tienes un vídeo que explica el manejo del programa

A continuación, tras abrir el programa, debes hacer los circuitos que te indico y subirlos a la plataforma.

 

EJERCICIOS (2º ESO)

Elementos de un circuito

Circuito serie

Elementos de un circuito

The builder song

A song in order to sum up all the actions we are performing

(Una canción para resumir las acciones que estamos haciendo)

Exercise 1

Copy on your notebook the lyrics and translate

(Copia en tu libreta la letra y pon la traducción a la derecha)

Cut Cut

Chisel chisel*

Hammer Hammer

Drill Drill

Measure Measure

Dig Dig

Paint and Build

*cut or shape (something) with a chisel. (Cincelar)

 

There are two very useful verbs in order to politely ask for something:

(Hay dos verbos muy útiles para pedir o coger algo amablemente:)

Exercise 2

Copy on your notebook the phrases and translate

(Copia en tu libreta las frases y pon la traducción a la derecha)

Borrow

Use BORROW is as if you are using the word TAKE (Puedo coger…)

Can I borrow  the mesure?

Can I borrow the drill?

Can I borrow  the level?

Lend

Use LEND is as if you are using the word GIVE (Me dejas…)

Can you lend me the scissors?

Can you lend me the cutter?

Can you lend me the screwdriver?